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Hot th grade girls nude. Nigerian girls having sex. Bbw girls images. Hot brunette fucking. Huge bboobs. Lesbian reverse sitting cowgirl. Zena Hobeish, Kidpower Lebanon Director. Kidpower Lebanon was established in by Psychotherapist Liban sex Hobishe to Liban sex safety education skills to children and adolescents from agestheir caregivers, and specialists who work with children. Our center in Lebanon provides a variety of training Liban sex, awareness and coaching sessions, counseling services, and advice to community-based organizations, schools, and community members. Zena has translated the Kidpower Teaching Kits into Arabic and is advising an educator in Saudi Arabia who is launching a national movement to stop child abuse about how to Liban sex the Kidpower program in her work. As a clinical psychologist working for more than 10 years with needy and maltreated children who are suffering from domestic violence, I was searching for a practical and efficient method to empower the kids to keep themselves safe without scaring them. I was very impressed by the effectiveness of Kidpower method in teaching people to protect Liban sex with a very friendly way and please click for source respect for diversity. I had the chance and the opportunity to bring Kidpower safety skills to my Liban sex and our region in the Arab world. But no, it is Liban sex contrary; there should Liban sex moral support, communication, dialogue. The child should tell Liban sex everything that happens to him, and I should make him feel that what he says is true. Children face challenging situations every day at home, at school, in their communities, and on the Internet. The People Safety Skills workshop Liban sex be conducted separately for children or separately for parents or for children and their parents together. Target groups: Children from years and parents Duration: For Liban sex who work directly with children Liban sex age 3 to 12 years. In role playing from real-life Liban sexparticipants will be practicing situations Liban sex they learn that all children have the right to feel safe at all times; they learn safety strategies through multiple skills; Liban sex learn how help children to become more responsible and caring for themselves; and how to react when threatened behaviors or situations occur. This workshop Liban sex participants how to encourage children practicing prevention strategies into a broader context of living, with their parents, family, and friends. This program empowers young people to build safe and positive relationships with people everywhere they go. Sensual Lesbian Sexy teen and lady.

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Amature sex in effingham illinois. Women continue to face discrimination under the Liban sex distinct religion-based Liban sex status laws. Discrimination includes inequality in Liban sex to divorce, residence of children after divorce, and property rights. Unlike Lebanese men, Lebanese women cannot pass on their nationality to foreign husbands and children and are subject to discriminatory inheritance laws.

Lebanon has no minimum age for marriage for all its citizens. Instead, religious courts set the age based on the religion-based personal status laws, some of Liban sex allow girls younger than 15 to marry.

Sexy girlsfucking Watch Video Sexy tena. Participants will learn about the warning signs and symptoms and how to respond appropriately to suspected child abuse. This program can address the aftermath of child sexual abuse with specialized treatments and therapy programs and serve an important role coupled with education and prevention efforts. Social workers, psychologists, health care providers, counselors. Kidpower Lebanon. The curriculum is designed around 5 themes: Acting with Awareness, Calm, and Confidence to avoid potential danger. Staying safe with people they know and with strangers. Dealing with bullies, emotional pressure, intimidation, and bribery to prevent and stop abuse and exploitation. Unlike Lebanese men, Lebanese women cannot pass on their nationality to foreign husbands and children and are subject to discriminatory inheritance laws. Lebanon has no minimum age for marriage for all its citizens. Instead, religious courts set the age based on the religion-based personal status laws, some of which allow girls younger than 15 to marry. Parliament has failed to take up draft bills that would set the age of marriage at A Law on the Protection of Women and Family from Domestic Violence established important protection measures and introduced policing and court reforms. But it failed to criminalize all forms of domestic violence, including marital rape. Some women continued to face obstacles in pursuing criminal complaints of domestic violence, mostly due to lengthy delays. In recent years, authorities conducted raids to arrest persons allegedly involved in same-sex conduct, some of whom were subjected to torture including forced anal examinations. The government estimates the true number of Syrians in the country to be 1. According to humanitarian organizations, an estimated 80 percent of Syrians in Lebanon now lack legal residency and risk detention for unlawful presence in the country. In February, Lebanon waived residency fees for some Syrians in Lebanon. Generally, the cultural and linguistic heritage of the Lebanese people is a blend of both indigenous Phoenician elements and Arab cultures that have come to rule the land and its people over the course of thousands of years. Moreover, in a interview, the lead investigator, Pierre Zalloua , pointed out that genetic variation preceded religious variation and divisions: There is no distinct pattern that shows that one community carries significantly more Phoenician than another". The Lebanese Christians are some of the oldest Christians in the world, preceded only by the oriental Orthodox of Armenia and Copts of Egypt. Their Liturgical language is the Syriac - Aramaic language. Some Lebanese even claim partial descent from Crusader knights who ruled Lebanon for a couple of centuries during the Middle Ages , also backed by recent genetic studies which confirmed this among Lebanese people, especially in the north of the country that was under the Crusader County of Tripoli. This identification with non-Arab civilizations also exists in other religious communities, albeit not to the same extent. Lebanon's religious divisions are extremely complicated, and the country is made up by a multitude of religious groupings. The ecclesiastical and demographic patterns of the sects and denominations are complex. Divisions and rivalries between groups date back as far as 15 centuries, and still are a factor today. The pattern of settlement has changed little since the 7th century, but instances of civil strife and ethnic cleansing , most recently during the Lebanese Civil War , has brought some important changes to the religious map of the country. See also History of Lebanon. Lebanon has by far the largest proportion of Christians of any Middle Eastern country , but both Christians and Muslims are sub-divided into many splinter sects and denominations. Population statistics are highly controversial. The various denominations and sects each have vested interests in inflating their own numbers. One of the rare things that most Lebanese religious leaders will agree on is to avoid a new general census , for fear that it could trigger a new round of denominational conflict. The last official census was performed in Religion has traditionally been of overriding importance in defining the Lebanese population. Dividing state power between the religious denominations and sects, and granting religious authorities judicial power, dates back to Ottoman times the millet system. This system of government, while partly intended as a compromise between sectarian demands, has caused tensions that still dominate Lebanese politics to this day. The Christian population majority is believed to have ended in the early s, but government leaders would agree to no change in the political power balance. This led to Muslim demands of increased representation, and the constant sectarian tension slid into violent conflict in prompting U. The Sunni elite was then accorded more power, but Maronites continued to dominate the system. Shia Muslims by now the second largest sect then gained additional representation in the state apparatus, and the obligatory Christian-Muslim representation in Parliament was downgraded from a 6: The present Lebanese Constitution officially acknowledges 18 religious groups see below. These have the right to handle family law according to their own courts and traditions, and they are the basic players in Lebanon's complex sectarian politics. The numbers only include the present population of Lebanon, and not the Lebanese diaspora. A study conducted by Statistics Lebanon, a Beirut-based research firm, cited by the United States Department of State found that of Lebanon's population of approximately 4. There is also a very small number of other religious minorities such as, Bahais , Buddhists , Hindus and Mormons. Sectarian Breakdown:. It is estimated that the Christian population in Lebanon makes up about Other religions account for only an estimated 0. There remains a very small Jewish population, traditionally centered in Beirut. It has been larger: Apart from the four and a half million citizens of Lebanon proper, there is a sizeable Lebanese diaspora. There are more Lebanese people living outside of Lebanon 8. The majority of the diaspora population consists of Lebanese Christians ; however, there are some who are Muslim. They trace their origin to several waves of Christian emigration , starting with the exodus that followed the Lebanon conflict in Ottoman Syria. Under the current Lebanese nationality law , diaspora Lebanese do not have an automatic right of return to Lebanon. Due to varying degrees of assimilation and high degree of interethnic marriages, most diaspora Lebanese have not passed on the Arabic language to their children , while still maintaining a Lebanese ethnic identity. The largest Lebanese diaspora is located in Brazil , where about 6—7 million people have Lebanese descent see Lebanese Brazilian. In Argentina , there is also a large Lebanese diaspora of approximately 1. In Canada , there is also a large Lebanese diaspora of approximately ,, people having Lebanese descent. The large size of Lebanon's diaspora may be partly explained by the historical and cultural tradition of seafaring and traveling, which stretches back to Lebanon's ancient Phoenician origins and its role as a "gateway" of relations between Europe and the Middle East. In the Women's Political Rights Agreement came about and guaranteed that women would be able to vote. Women had to have documents that could prove that they had received at least an elementary level education. This limitation was lifted five years later in without much discourse or a fight. Women gained the right to vote halfway into the 20th century, thirty years after American women suffragists gained the right in the United States. Though the women of Lebanon garnered their right to vote fairly early on, there is still a huge lack of them in Lebanon's political sphere. The political field in Lebanon, like most of the rest of the world, is male dominated. That is not to say there are no women actors in Lebanon, they are just few and far between. As of there had only been seventeen women to serve on parliament since suffrage. That number is rather dismal but paints the perfect picture of what the outlook of women in parliament is. The lack of women in politics is chalked up the political exclusivity that is bred in Lebanon, constricting societal norms and gender roles. The political arena in the country is mostly made of a small number of elite families that have been in power since the s and s and the beginning of suffrage. There is an extreme lack of women in elected and appointed political positions. To combat the low rate of women's participation in politics and government, the Lebanese Women's Council LWC planned a conference in The government did not take heed to any of their suggestions. According to Dr. These organizations work toward achieving women's rights on the ground. A large number of women's organizations also focus on lobbying and aim to research and publish their findings on women to influence policy makers and the judicial system. The Lebanese Women's Council LWC , established in the s, serves as an umbrella entity for more than organization. One of the very important characteristics of Lebanese politics is the excess of political parties competing for power and control. There are eighteen political parties in total in the country, but seven currently dominate the sphere. These political parties are almost all men dominated, and the women that do head these parties are often only there because they are a part of one of the political families and have been put in place for power often because of a sudden death or lack of men left to run in the family. However, in Lebanon the governmental power of the country is separated by the religious factions based on the size of each of their populations. These figures are extremely outdated and are based on a census of the country that was taken in the year These religious based parties often discriminate against women and refuse to include them. Women's rights has become fairly progressive over the centuries in Lebanon compared to other Middle Eastern countries as Islamic Law Sharia Law is not used to implement laws however different sects may uphold some traditions within their community. For example, Article 7 of the constitution of Lebanon asserts that all citizens should have equal rights and duties regardless of gender. They also have Article 8 of the constitution of Lebanon that individual liberty will be guaranteed and protected by law; however Lebanese women still face gender discrimination. Not to mention there are still some discrimination laws and penal codes that have been put into place and these laws remain because Lebanon is based upon patriarchal social norms and majority of the men in Lebanon acquire the high positioned jobs within society. Because patriarchal social norms are enforced, women find the laws set to protect their women rights as ineffective and more restrictive than men in Lebanon, granted urban Lebanese women have more opportunities than rural Lebanese movement but both women alike still face restrictions on their actions. Though Lebanese women have the right to attend school, get a job in society, etc. Some discriminatory acts that women face as Lebanese women that heavily restrict their movement are rules on divorce and parental custody. Parenting was an important political act for some Lebanese in the aftermath of the First World War. This resulted in the reflection of critical transformations in French-Lebanese relations but also contributed significantly to the process of the state formation. Literature situating children in any historical context in Lebanon is also liable to frame childhood in highly static terms and to underestimate its significance in a matrix of other social, cultural, political, and economic forces. Those identified as such were variously understood as infants, children, youth, adolescents, boys, or girls, mostly on account of the social and gender roles they played, rather than any other set of factors, but also sometimes by age, biology, and even class. One of the most conflicted domains, however, in which definitions of the child were called into question was the law. Also, for Islamic jurists, the age at which a woman received her first menses was important for several reasons. Not only did it signal her entry into adulthood biologically, but it also meant that her responsibilities as a Muslim increased significantly. According to one treatise on the five schools of Islamic law , "There is consensus among the schools that menses and pregnancy are the proofs of female adulthood. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons. This entry includes revenues, expenditures, and capital expenditures. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i. Taxes and other revenues: This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP. Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons acr. This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits relat. Public debt: This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings. Fiscal year: This entry identifies the beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year CY unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year FY. Inflation rate consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices. Central bank discount rate: This entry provides the annualized interest rate a country's central bank charges commercial, depository banks for loans to meet temporary shortages of funds. Commercial bank prime lending rate: This entry provides a simple average of annualized interest rates commercial banks charge on new loans, denominated in the national currency, to their most credit-worthy customers. Stock of narrow money: This entry, also known as "M1," comprises the total quantity of currency in circulation notes and coins plus demand deposits denominated in the national currency held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy, measured at a specific point in time. Because of exchange rate moveme. Stock of broad money: This entry covers all of "Narrow money," plus the total quantity of time and savings deposits, credit union deposits, institutional money market funds, short-term repurchase agreements between the central bank and commercial deposit banks, and other large liquid assets held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy. National currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange r. Stock of domestic credit: This entry is the total quantity of credit, denominated in the domestic currency, provided by financial institutions to the central bank, state and local governments, public non-financial corporations, and the private sector. Market value of publicly traded shares: This entry gives the value of shares issued by publicly traded companies at a price determined in the national stock markets on the final day of the period indicated. It is simply the latest price per share multiplied by the total number of outstanding shares, cumulated over all companies listed on the particular exchange. Current account balance: This entry records a country's net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments such as pension funds and worker remittances to and from the rest of the world during the period specified. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f. Exports - partners: This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. Exports - commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c. Imports - commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. Imports - partners: China Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Debt - external: This entry gives the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services. Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in the home country made directly by residents - primarily companies - of other countries as of the end of the time period indicated. Direct investment excludes investment through purchase of shares. Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in foreign countries made directly by residents - primarily companies - of the home country, as of the end of the time period indicated. Exchange rates: This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat. The International Organization for Standardization ISO alphabetic currency code for the national medium of exchange is presented in parenthesis. Closing daily exchange rates are not presented in The World Factbook, but are used to convert stock values - e. Electricity access: Electrification data — collected from industry reports, national surveys, and international sources — consists of four subfields. Population without electricity provides an estimate of the number of citizens that do not have access to electricity. Electricity - production: This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - consumption: This entry consists of total electricity generated annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - exports: This entry is the total exported electricity in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - imports: This entry is the total imported electricity in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - installed generating capacity: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts kW , to produce electricity. A kilowatt kW generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours kWh of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour. Electricity - from fossil fuels: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by burning fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum products, and natural gas , expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Electricity - from nuclear fuels: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity through radioactive decay of nuclear fuel, expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by water-driven turbines, expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Electricity - from other renewable sources: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by using renewable energy sources other than hydroelectric including, for example, wind, waves, solar, and geothermal , expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Crude oil - production: Crude oil - exports: Crude oil - imports: Crude oil - proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil, in barrels bbl. Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. Refined petroleum products - production: Refined petroleum products - consumption: Refined petroleum products - exports: Refined petroleum products - imports: Natural gas - production: This entry is the total natural gas produced in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - consumption: This entry is the total natural gas consumed in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - exports: This entry is the total natural gas exported in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - imports: This entry is the total natural gas imported in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of natural gas in cubic meters cu m. Proved reserves are those quantities of natural gas, which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: This entry is the total amount of carbon dioxide, measured in metric tons, released by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. Telephones - fixed lines: This entry gives the total number of fixed telephone lines in use, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants. Telephones - mobile cellular: This entry gives the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribers, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants..

Parliament has failed to take up draft bills that would set the age of marriage at A Law on the Protection Liban sex Women and Family from Domestic Violence established Liban sex protection measures and introduced policing and court reforms. But Liban sex failed to criminalize all forms of Liban sex violence, including marital rape. Some women continued to face obstacles in pursuing criminal complaints of domestic violence, mostly due to lengthy delays.

Maturewomen sex Watch Video Sexxxxxs Vidou. They are not allowed to attend public schools, own property, or make an enforceable will. They are not allowed to attend public schools, own property or pass on inheritances, measures Lebanon says it has adopted to preserve their right to return to their property in what constitutes Israel now. Their presence is controversial, and resisted by large segments of the Christian population, who argue that the primarily Sunni Muslim Palestinians dilute Christian numbers. Many Shia Muslims also look unfavorably upon the Palestinian presence since the refugee camps have tended to be concentrated in their home areas. Late prime minister Rafiq Hariri —himself a Sunni— had hinted on more than one occasion on the inevitability of granting these refugees Lebanese citizenship. Thus far the refugees are Lebanese citizenship as well as many rights enjoyed by the rest of the population, and are confined to severely overcrowded refugee camps, in which construction rights are severely constricted. Palestinians may not work in a large number of professions, such as lawyers and doctors. However, after negotiations between Lebanese authorities and ministers from the Palestinian National Authority some professions for Palestinians were allowed such as taxi driver and construction worker. The material situation of the Palestinian refugees in Lebanon is difficult, and they are believed to constitute the poorest community in Lebanon, as well as the poorest Palestinian community with the possible exception of Gaza Strip refugees. The numbers of Palestinian Christians has diminished in later years, as many have managed to leave Lebanon. During the Lebanese Civil War, Palestinian Christians sided with the rest of the Palestinian community, instead of allying with Lebanese Eastern Orthodox or other Christian communities. This led to escalated fighting until a cease-fire agreement later that year that allowed for the stationing of Syrian troops within Lebanon. The Syrian presence in Lebanon quickly changed sides; soon after they entered Lebanon they had flip-flopped and began to fight the Christian nationalists in Lebanon they allegedly entered the country to protect. In , 40, Syrian troops remained in central and eastern Lebanon under the supervision of the Syrian government. Although, the Taif Accord, established in the same year, called for the removal of Syrian troops and transfer of arms to the Lebanese army, the Syrian Army remained in Lebanon until the Lebanese Cedar Revolution in ended the Syrian occupation of Lebanon. In , the Lebanese government under the pressure of the Syrian government, gave Lebanese passports to thousands of Syrians. There are nearly 1. There are an estimated 40, to 80, Iraqi Assyrian refugees in Lebanon. The vast majority of them are undocumented , with a large number having been deported or put in prison. Due to the US-led invasion of Iraq , Lebanon received a mass influx of Iraqi refugees numbering at around , The vast majority of them are undocumented, with a large number having been deported or put in prison. There are an estimated 60, to , Kurdish refugees from Turkey and Syria within Lebanese territory. Many of them are undocumented. The Turkish people began to migrate to Lebanon once the Ottoman sultan Selim I conquered the region in Turks were encouraged to stay in Lebanon by being rewarded with land and money. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Demographics of Lebanon Population 6,, April est. Death rate 4. Life expectancy Fertility rate 1. Age structure 0—14 years Lebanese and non-Lebanese 15—64 years Sex ratio At birth 1. Under 15 1. Nationality Nationality noun: Lebanese people adjective: Ethnic groups in Lebanon [6] Ethnic groups Arabs. Main article: Lebanese people. Religion in Lebanon. See also: Freedom of religion in Lebanon. Religions of Lebanon [6] Religions percent Islam. Lebanese Muslims [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] Year Percent Women continue to face discrimination under the 15 distinct religion-based personal status laws. Discrimination includes inequality in access to divorce, residence of children after divorce, and property rights. Unlike Lebanese men, Lebanese women cannot pass on their nationality to foreign husbands and children and are subject to discriminatory inheritance laws. Lebanon has no minimum age for marriage for all its citizens. Instead, religious courts set the age based on the religion-based personal status laws, some of which allow girls younger than 15 to marry. Parliament has failed to take up draft bills that would set the age of marriage at A Law on the Protection of Women and Family from Domestic Violence established important protection measures and introduced policing and court reforms. But it failed to criminalize all forms of domestic violence, including marital rape. Some women continued to face obstacles in pursuing criminal complaints of domestic violence, mostly due to lengthy delays. In recent years, authorities conducted raids to arrest persons allegedly involved in same-sex conduct, some of whom were subjected to torture including forced anal examinations. The government estimates the true number of Syrians in the country to be 1. As a clinical psychologist working for more than 10 years with needy and maltreated children who are suffering from domestic violence, I was searching for a practical and efficient method to empower the kids to keep themselves safe without scaring them. I was very impressed by the effectiveness of Kidpower method in teaching people to protect themselves with a very friendly way and high respect for diversity. I had the chance and the opportunity to bring Kidpower safety skills to my country and our region in the Arab world. But no, it is the contrary; there should be moral support, communication, dialogue. The child should tell me everything that happens to him, and I should make him feel that what he says is true. Children face challenging situations every day at home, at school, in their communities, and on the Internet. The People Safety Skills workshop can be conducted separately for children or separately for parents or for children and their parents together. Target groups: The French demarcated the region of Lebanon in and granted this area independence in Since independence, the country has been marked by periods of political turmoil interspersed with prosperity built on its position as a regional center for finance and trade. The country's civil war, which resulted in an estimated , fatalities, was followed by years of social and political instability. Sectarianism is a key element of Lebanese political life. Neighboring Syria has historically influenced Lebanon's foreign policy and internal policies, and its military occupied Lebanon from until The Lebanon-based Hizballah militia and Israel continued attacks and counterattacks against each other after Syria's withdrawal, and fought a brief war in Lebanon's borders with Syria and Israel remain unresolved. This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the centroid or center point of a country expressed in degrees and minutes; it is based on the locations provided in the Geographic Names Server GNS , maintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency on behalf of the US Board on Geographic Names. Map references: This entry includes the name of the Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. Note that boundary representations on these maps are not necessarily authoritative. The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. This entry includes three subfields. Area - comparative: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements revised provided by the US Bureau of the Census. Area comparison map: Image Description. Land boundaries: This entry contains the total length of all land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border countries. When available, official lengths published by national statistical agencies are used. Because surveying methods may differ, country border lengths reported by contiguous countries may differ. Israel 81 km, Syria km. This entry gives the total length of the boundary between the land area including islands and the sea. Maritime claims: This entry includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UNCLOS , which alone contains the full and definitive descriptions: This entry includes a brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year; in the Word entry only, it includes four subfields that describe climate extremes: Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; the Lebanon Mountains experience heavy winter snows. This entry contains a brief description of the topography. This entry includes the mean elevation and elevation extremes, lowest point and highest point. Mediterranean Sea 0 m. Qornet es Saouda 3, m. Natural resources: This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements REEs. In general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future. Land use: This entry contains the percentage shares of total land area for three different types of land use: Irrigated land: This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water. Population distribution: This entry provides a summary description of the population dispersion within a country. While it may suggest population density, it does not provide density figures. Natural hazards: This entry lists potential natural disasters. For countries where volcanic activity is common, a volcanism subfield highlights historically active volcanoes. Environment - current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions see acid rain. Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxi. Environment - international agreements: This entry separates country participation in international environmental agreements into two levels - party to and signed, but not ratified. Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name. Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation. Geography - note: People and Society:: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Starting with the Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries mostly African have explicitly taken into account t. This entry provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective. Lebanese singular and plural. Ethnic groups: This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages. When data is available, the languages spoken in each country are broken down according to the percent of the total population speaking each language as a first language. For those countries without available data, languages are listed in rank order based on prevalence, starting with the most-spoken language. Arabic official , French, English, Armenian. This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali known as Baha'u'llah in Iran in , Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace m. Muslim Age structure: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations high percentage under age 15 need to invest more in schools, while countries with older population. This is the population pyramid for Lebanon. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends. Dependency ratios: Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility leve. Median age: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger and Uganda to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a high. Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus or deficit of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure e. Rapid population growth can be seen as. Birth rate: This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1, persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population. Death rate: This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1, population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining. Net migration rate: This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1, persons based on midyear population. An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration e. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population chan. A young man that she considered her friend, lured her into trusting him and then he raped her and left the country for work. He would not return any of the calls she made to reach out to him. This first reach in this situation in Lebanon is for the parents to make the young man marry their daughter. The second attempt was to convince the women to have an abortion. There are so many stories regarding single mothers in Lebanon, but they all have one thing in common: None of them really chose this path, unlike women in more liberal countries, where single motherhood is now a choice and a path women can take without being rejected by society. However, things are different in Lebanon. Every single mother has already lived a horrible tragedy before getting to the birth phase and raising her child alone. Stories of rape, sexual assault , incest, partners leaving and many other tragedies mean that single mothers are rejected socially and economically for something that is often not even their fault. There were single mother issues in Lebanon, which was also viewed as taboo. It was so bad that society's organizations would at all cost disregard providing any form of assistance in the area to avoid being seen as helpers of women who became pregnant without being married. There are few organizations for single mothers to turn to, and centers supported by official bodies to help them organize their affairs have yet to be established. The Maryam and Martha Organization, one of the few associations helping these women, has been receiving single mothers for many years, providing them with the support they need. Eight out of thirty-nine hospitals in Lebanon had well established prenatal care classes, however only three actually enrolled all women in these classes. Six healthcare providers reported that inquiring women about their preferences. Furthermore, few gave women any opportunity for procedures such as shaving, enema or fetal monitoring application. Lastly, it was seen that all places had strict mobility for women in the delivery process, including eight who tied their arms and legs. There is a necessity to advance the work examining the health effects of maternity care, and the attempts made to enhance the healthcare providers policies and traditions practices. Where-best-practice is not in place. There has to be an intervention that takes place soon in Lebanon. Since their economy has grown about 8 percent but not significantly enough as they are still a country highly in debt from war. Women in correlation with the economy have been able to participate since the s but they are still underrepresented in the labor force and are the first to be negatively impacted when the economy fails. Currently in Lebanon, Article of their Law of Contracts and Obligations allow men and women the same right to own and administer property. Married women can even own and manage their property separately regardless of their religious affiliation. For example, if a woman's husband declare bankruptcy then there are restrictions that are put on the women's property but not the man's. Furthermore, there is some legal wording that makes it harder for women to stand completely independently economically because women's property, if married are considered purchases by the man's money and technically considered an asset of the man's unless proven otherwise. Women have the right to work in Lebanon. Though given the right more men are still seen in the work force than women see figure 4 below by the Institute of Women's Policy research. More women especially those between the age 36 to 55 tend to stay in the home and tend to their family and raising children, playing into the social norms of women's role in Lebanon's patriarchal society. Although men are relatively represented more in the work force, women still work. Women are more likely to take on part-time jobs if they do work as they have to tend to their household duties as well. Article 29 of Lebanon's Employment Act was amended to increase maternity leave ; however, Lebanon does meet the standard given by the ILO convention granting women no less than 12 weeks. Not to mention Lebanon does not offer services to help with childcare making it hard for women to indulge themselves completely in the work force and paternity leave is not offered at all. Common jobs for women who do work are generally in the service area or do specialists work see figure 6 below by Institute of Women's Policy research to see other jobs women take part in. Women's salaries compared to their male counterpart is drastically different. Men tend to make more than women causing a vast gender wage gap. Three times as many men as women make more than dollars per month while three times as many women as men earn less than dollars a month. There is also a big gap between pay based on a woman's age. The younger the woman the more likely she is to be paid less 2 out of every 3 young women earn dollars or less as increase in pay comes with years of experience..

In recent years, authorities conducted raids to arrest persons allegedly involved in same-sex conduct, Liban sex of whom were subjected to torture including forced anal examinations. The government estimates the true number Liban sex Syrians in the country to Liban sex 1. Lebanese women enjoy almost equal civil rights as men.

However, due to the large number of officially recognized religions in LebanonLebanese family matters are governed by at least 15 personal statute codes.

Muslim women can legally marry Christian or Jewish men; for example a Lebanese Catholic man can marry a Muslim lady Liban sex the condition of getting their children baptised, otherwise, the couple may opt for civil marriage performed abroad, which can be registered at any Lebanese Embassy, thus giving it official recognition this is a particularly popular option, with Cyprus usually acting as the destination of choice.

Local Liban sex regional NGOs have helped to increase awareness of violence against women in Lebanon. The family in Lebanon, as elsewhere in the Middle East region, assigns different roles to family members on the basis of gender. The superior status of men in society and within the narrow confines of the nuclear family transcends the barriers of sect or Liban sex. Lebanese family structure is patriarchal. The centrality of the father figure stems from the role of Liban sex family as an economic unit.

This Liban sex prevails in rural regions of Lebanon where women participate in peasant work. However, it is noticed Liban sex the percentage of women Liban sex in the labor force has increased. Since,Arab societies have allowed women to play a more active Liban sex socially and in the work force, basically as a result of the manpower shortage caused by heavy migration of men to Persian Gulf countries. Notwithstanding Liban sex persistence of Liban sex attitudes regarding the role of women, Lebanese women enjoy equal civil rights and attend institutions of higher education in large numbers for example, women constituted 41 percent of the student body at Liban sex American University of Beirut in Although women in Lebanon have their own organizations, most exist as subordinate branches of the political parties.

France confirmed the electoral system of the former Ottoman Mount Liban sex province in setting up a Representative Council for Greater Lebanon in Two stage elections, here adult male suffrage, and multimember multi-communal constituencies continued the situation that prevailed in Mount Lebanon up to The Liban sex constitution — specifically Article 7, proclaimed that "All Liban sex are equal under the law, enjoying equally civil and political rights, and performing duties and public responsibility without any discrimination among them.

Women were refused the Liban sex to vote by early Lebanese government until they organized and began petitioning Liban sex equal rights. In the Women's Political Rights Agreement came about and guaranteed that women would be able to vote. Women had Liban sex article source documents that could prove that they had received at least an elementary level education. This limitation was lifted five years later in without much discourse or a fight.

Women gained the right to vote halfway into the 20th century, thirty years after American women suffragists gained the right in the United States. Though the women of Lebanon garnered their right to vote fairly early on, there is still a huge lack of them in Lebanon's political sphere. The political field in Lebanon, Liban sex most of the rest of the world, is male Liban sex. That is not to say there are no women actors in Lebanon, they are just few and far between.

As Liban sex there had only been seventeen Liban sex to serve Liban sex parliament since suffrage. That number is rather dismal but paints the perfect picture of what the outlook of women in parliament is.

The lack of women in politics is chalked up the political exclusivity that is Liban sex in Lebanon, constricting Liban sex norms and gender roles. The political arena Liban sex the country is mostly made of a small number of elite families that have been in power since the s and s Liban sex the beginning of suffrage. There is an extreme lack of women in elected and appointed political positions.

To combat the Liban sex rate of women's participation in politics and government, the Lebanese Women's Council LWC planned a conference in The government did not take heed to any of their suggestions.

According to Dr. These organizations work toward achieving women's rights on the ground. A large Liban sex of women's organizations also focus on lobbying and aim to research and publish their findings on women to influence policy makers and the judicial system.

The Lebanese Women's Council LWCestablished in the s, serves as an umbrella entity for more than organization. One of the very important characteristics of Lebanese politics is the excess of Liban sex parties competing for power and control.

There are eighteen political parties in total in the country, but seven currently dominate the sphere. These political parties are almost all men dominated, and the women that do head these parties are often only there because they are a part of one of the political families and have Liban sex put in place for power often because of a sudden Liban sex or lack of men left to run in the family. However, Liban sex Lebanon the governmental power of the country is separated by the religious factions based on the size of each of their populations.

Children from years and parents Duration: For educators who work directly with children from age 3 to 12 years.

In role playing from real-life scenariosparticipants Liban sex be practicing situations where they learn that all children have the right to feel safe at Liban sex times; they learn safety strategies through multiple skills; they learn how help continue reading to become more responsible and caring for themselves; and how Liban sex react when threatened behaviors or situations occur.

This workshop teaches participants how Liban sex encourage Liban sex practicing prevention strategies into a broader context of living, with their parents, family, and friends.

This program empowers young people to build safe and positive relationships with people everywhere they go. This program enable adolescents to know about available support, Liban sex understand how to report, and Free sex to feel comfortable seeking help.

At this deeper level, participants learn about attitudes and relationships that have the power to positively impact youth to stay safe in their communities and our wider society. This training is a group program conducted in schools, therapeutic settings, and community organizations for children, ages and adults who have been previously victimized.

This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. Imports - partners: China Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period Liban sex.

Alsangels videos Watch Video Mature nudes. The most common complaints documented by the embassies of labor-sending countries and civil society groups include non-payment or delayed payment of wages, forced confinement, refusal to provide time off, and verbal and physical abuse. Migrant domestic workers suing their employers for abuse face legal obstacles and risk imprisonment and deportation due to the restrictive visa system. Several migrant domestic workers in Lebanon committed suicide or attempted to commit suicide in Syrian women appear to be at particular risk of being trafficked into forced prostitution and sexual exploitation. Women continue to face discrimination under the 15 distinct religion-based personal status laws. Discrimination includes inequality in access to divorce, residence of children after divorce, and property rights. Unlike Lebanese men, Lebanese women cannot pass on their nationality to foreign husbands and children and are subject to discriminatory inheritance laws. Lebanon has no minimum age for marriage for all its citizens. Instead, religious courts set the age based on the religion-based personal status laws, some of which allow girls younger than 15 to marry. Parliament has failed to take up draft bills that would set the age of marriage at A Law on the Protection of Women and Family from Domestic Violence established important protection measures and introduced policing and court reforms. In December , the Campaign Against Lebanese Rape Law - Article was launched to abolish the article in the penal code that allowed a man to escape prison if he married his victim. Media related to Women of Lebanon at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: Women of Mount Lebanon in the late s. Science Technology. Arts Humanities. Popular culture. List of sports. By country. See also: Women in government. World Economic Forum. Retrieved Interview with Marie Rose Zalzal, Esquire". Middle East Report. The Daily Star. Archived from the original on June 30, Retrieved February 4, Oxford University Press, , p. A Data Handbook: Volume I: Oxford University Press. Foreign Minister". Law Reform Targets 'Honor' Crimes". Beyond the Veil and the Vote: Lebanese Women Today". Off Our Backs. Outline Index. Women in Asia. Book Category Asia portal. Retrieved from " https: Women in Lebanon Women by country. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Portal templates all redlinked portals All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Namespaces Article Talk. Also, recent years have seen an influx of people from Ethiopia [37] and South East Asian countries such as Indonesia , the Philippines , Malaysia , Sri Lanka , [38] as well as smaller numbers of other immigrant minorities, Colombians and Brazilians of Lebanese descent themselves. Most of these are employed as guest workers in the same fashion as Syrians and Palestinians, and entered the country to search for employment in the post-war reconstruction of Lebanon. Apart from the Palestinians, there are approximately , stateless persons in Lebanon. Lebanese Armenians , Jews and Iranians form more distinct ethnic minorities, all of them in possession of a separate languages Armenian , Hebrew , Persian and a national home area Armenia , Israel , Iran outside of Lebanon. During the French Mandate of Lebanon , there was a fairly large French minority and a tiny Italian minority. Most of the French and Italian settlers left after Lebanese independence in and only 22, French Lebanese and 4, Italian Lebanese continue to live in Lebanon. The most important legacy of the French Mandate is the frequent use and knowledge of the French language by most of the educated Lebanese people, and Beirut is still known as the " Paris of the Middle East". There are also a number of Palestinians who are not registered as UNRWA refugees, because they left earlier than or were not in need of material assistance. The exact number of Palestinians remain a subject of great dispute and the Lebanese government will not provide an estimate. Palestinians living in Lebanon are considered foreigners and are under the same restrictions on employment applied to other foreigners. Prior to , they were under even more restrictive employment rules which permitted, other than work for the U. They are not allowed to attend public schools, own property, or make an enforceable will. They are not allowed to attend public schools, own property or pass on inheritances, measures Lebanon says it has adopted to preserve their right to return to their property in what constitutes Israel now. Their presence is controversial, and resisted by large segments of the Christian population, who argue that the primarily Sunni Muslim Palestinians dilute Christian numbers. Many Shia Muslims also look unfavorably upon the Palestinian presence since the refugee camps have tended to be concentrated in their home areas. Late prime minister Rafiq Hariri —himself a Sunni— had hinted on more than one occasion on the inevitability of granting these refugees Lebanese citizenship. Thus far the refugees are Lebanese citizenship as well as many rights enjoyed by the rest of the population, and are confined to severely overcrowded refugee camps, in which construction rights are severely constricted. Palestinians may not work in a large number of professions, such as lawyers and doctors. However, after negotiations between Lebanese authorities and ministers from the Palestinian National Authority some professions for Palestinians were allowed such as taxi driver and construction worker. The material situation of the Palestinian refugees in Lebanon is difficult, and they are believed to constitute the poorest community in Lebanon, as well as the poorest Palestinian community with the possible exception of Gaza Strip refugees. The numbers of Palestinian Christians has diminished in later years, as many have managed to leave Lebanon. During the Lebanese Civil War, Palestinian Christians sided with the rest of the Palestinian community, instead of allying with Lebanese Eastern Orthodox or other Christian communities. This led to escalated fighting until a cease-fire agreement later that year that allowed for the stationing of Syrian troops within Lebanon. The Syrian presence in Lebanon quickly changed sides; soon after they entered Lebanon they had flip-flopped and began to fight the Christian nationalists in Lebanon they allegedly entered the country to protect. In , 40, Syrian troops remained in central and eastern Lebanon under the supervision of the Syrian government. Although, the Taif Accord, established in the same year, called for the removal of Syrian troops and transfer of arms to the Lebanese army, the Syrian Army remained in Lebanon until the Lebanese Cedar Revolution in ended the Syrian occupation of Lebanon. In , the Lebanese government under the pressure of the Syrian government, gave Lebanese passports to thousands of Syrians. There are nearly 1. There are an estimated 40, to 80, Iraqi Assyrian refugees in Lebanon. The vast majority of them are undocumented , with a large number having been deported or put in prison. Due to the US-led invasion of Iraq , Lebanon received a mass influx of Iraqi refugees numbering at around , The vast majority of them are undocumented, with a large number having been deported or put in prison. There are an estimated 60, to , Kurdish refugees from Turkey and Syria within Lebanese territory. Many of them are undocumented. The Turkish people began to migrate to Lebanon once the Ottoman sultan Selim I conquered the region in Turks were encouraged to stay in Lebanon by being rewarded with land and money. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Demographics of Lebanon Population 6,, April est. Death rate 4. Life expectancy Fertility rate 1. Age structure 0—14 years Lebanese and non-Lebanese 15—64 years Sex ratio At birth 1. Getting help and being persistent in getting help. Kidpower People Safety Skills — Educators Workshop For educators who work directly with children from age 3 to 12 years. Target group: Teenpower Personal Safety Skills for Young People Workshop This program empowers young people to build safe and positive relationships with people everywhere they go. Acting with Awareness, Calm, and Confidence To identify and avoid abusive relationships. To manage risky situations. Healthy Boundaries with people To detect and manage bullying, peer pressure, abuse, or other unwanted behaviors. Assertiveness Skills To make requests, ask for help, and to be assertive insist that your rights be respected. The maternal mortality rate MMR is the annual number of female deaths per , live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management excluding accidental or incidental causes. The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year. Infant mortality rate: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1, live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. Life expectancy at birth: This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures. Total fertility rate: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate TFR is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replaceme. Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries. Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors physicians , including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1, of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that f. Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1, people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is. Drinking water source: Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Sanitation facility access: Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: Unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: This entry gives an estimate of all people adults and children alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Obesity - adult prevalence rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters. Education expenditures: This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measu. School life expectancy primary to tertiary education: School life expectancy SLE is the total number of years of schooling primary to tertiary that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age. Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit. Country name: This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names Italy is used as an example: Also see the Terminology note. Lebanese Republic. Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah. Greater Lebanon. Government type: This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. Note that for some countries more than one definition applies. Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i. Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority. Authoritarian - a form of government in whic. Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones. Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN. Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters. For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. For a number of countries, the establishment of statehood. National holiday: This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day. Independence Day, 22 November The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution. Legal system: This entry provides the description of a country's legal system. A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: An addition. International law organization participation: Appendix B: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. Executive branch: This entry includes five subentries: Chief of state includes the name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government. Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a. Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president and National Assembly. Michel AWN elected president in second round; National Assembly vote - Michel AWN FPM 83; note - in the initial election held on 23 April , no candidate received the required two-thirds vote, and subsequent attempts failed because the Assembly lacked the necessary quorum to hold a vote; the president was finally elected in its 46th attempt on 31 October Legislative branch: This entry has three subfields. The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral — single house; bicameral — an upper and a lower house ; formal name s ; number of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, multi-seat, nationwide ; electoral voting system s ; and member term of office. The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and next election. Judicial branch: The highest court s subfield includes the name s of a country's highest level court s , the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j. Court of Cassation or Supreme Court organized into 8 chambers, each with a presiding judge and 2 associate judges ; Constitutional Council consists of 10 members. Court of Cassation judges appointed by Supreme Judicial Council, a member body headed by the chief justice, and includes other judicial officials; judge tenure NA; Constitutional Council members appointed - 5 by the Council of Ministers and 5 by parliament; members serve 5-year terms. Courts of Appeal; Courts of First Instance; specialized tribunals, religious courts; military courts. Political parties and leaders: This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted. International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way. Diplomatic representation in the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Such ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or appearing at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou. Detroit, New York, Los Angeles. Diplomatic representation from the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations..

This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Debt - external: Https://aclut.info/tongue/video3213-weta.php entry gives the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services.

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: This entry Liban sex the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in the home country made directly by residents - primarily companies - of other countries as of the end of the time period indicated. Direct investment Liban sex investment through purchase of shares.

Stock of direct foreign investment - Liban sex This entry Liban sex the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in foreign countries made directly Liban sex residents - primarily companies Liban sex of the home country, as of the end of the time period indicated.

Exchange rates: This Liban sex provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US Liban sex, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat. The International Organization for Standardization ISO alphabetic currency code for the national medium of exchange is presented Liban sex parenthesis. Closing daily exchange rates Liban sex not presented in The World Factbook, but are used to convert stock values Liban sex e.

Electricity access: Electrification data — collected from industry reports, national surveys, and international sources — consists of four subfields. Population without electricity provides an estimate of the number of citizens that do not have access to electricity.

Electricity - production: This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - consumption: This entry consists of total Liban sex generated annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - exports: This entry is the total exported electricity in kilowatt-hours.

Electricity Liban sex imports: This entry is the total imported electricity in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - installed generating capacity: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts kW Liban sex, to produce electricity. A kilowatt kW generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours kWh of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour. Electricity - from fossil fuels: This entry Liban sex the Liban sex of plants that generate electricity by burning fossil fuels such as coal, Liban sex products, Liban sex natural gasexpressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity.

Electricity - from nuclear fuels: This entry Liban sex the capacity of plants that generate electricity through radioactive Liban sex of nuclear fuel, expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity.

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by water-driven turbines, expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Electricity - from other renewable sources: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by using renewable energy sources other than hydroelectric including, for example, wind, waves, solar, Liban sex geothermalexpressed as a share of the country's Liban sex generating capacity.

Liban sex

Crude oil - production: Crude oil - exports: Crude oil - imports: Crude oil - proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil, in barrels bbl.

Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by check this out of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, Liban sex known reservoirs Liban sex under current economic conditions. Refined petroleum products - production: Refined petroleum products - consumption: Liban sex petroleum products - exports: Refined petroleum products - imports: Natural gas - production: This Liban sex is the total natural gas produced in cubic meters cu m.

Natural gas - consumption: Liban sex entry is the total natural gas consumed in cubic meters Liban sex m. Natural gas - exports: This entry is the total natural gas exported in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - imports: This entry is the total natural gas imported in Liban sex meters cu m.

Natural gas - proved reserves: This entry is the stock Liban sex proved reserves of natural gas in cubic meters Liban sex m. Proved reserves are those quantities of natural gas, which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions.

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Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: This entry is the total amount of carbon dioxide, measured in metric tons, Liban sex by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. Telephones - fixed lines: This entry gives the total number of fixed telephone lines in use, as well Liban sex the number of subscriptions per This web page. Telephones - mobile cellular: This entry Liban sex the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribers, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants.

Note that because of the ubiquity of mobile phone use in developed countries, the number of subscriptions per inhabitants can exceed Telephone system: This entry includes a brief general assessment of the system with details on the domestic and international components.

CB - citizen's band mobile radio communications. Cellular telephone system - the telephones in Liban sex system are radio transceivers, with each instrument having its o. Broadcast media: Internet country code: Internet users: This entry gives the total number of individuals within a country who can access the Internet at home, via any device type computer or Liban sex and connection.

The percent of population with Internet access i. Statistics vary from Liban sex to country and may include users who access the Internet at least Liban sex times a week to those who access it Liban sex once within a period of several months.

Broadband - fixed subscriptions: This entry gives the total number of fixed-broadband subscriptions, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants. Fixed Liban sex is a physical wired connection to the Liban sex e.

Kof Hentai King Of Fighters Hentai

National air transport system: This entry includes four subfields describing the air transport system of a given country in terms of both structure and performance.

The Liban sex subfield, inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers, lists the total number. Civil aircraft registration country code prefix: This entry provides the one- or two-character Liban sex code indicating the nationality of civil aircraft.

Article 20 Liban sex the Convention on International Civil Aviation Chicago Conventionsigned inrequires that all aircraft engaged in international air navigation bear appropriate nationality marks. The aircraft registration number consists of two parts: OD This entry gives the total number of airports or airfields recognizable from the air.

The runway s may be paved concrete or asphalt surfaces or Liban sex grass, earth, sand, Liban sex gravel surfaces and may include closed or abandoned installations.

Airports or Liban sex that are no longer recognizable overgrown, no facilities, Liban sex. Note that not all airports have accommodations for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control.

Airports Liban sex with paved runways: This entry gives the total number of airports with paved runways concrete or Liban sex surfaces by length. For airports with more than one runway, continue reading the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - 1 over 3, m over 10, ft2 2, to 3, m 8, to 10, ft3 1, to 2, m 5, to 8, ft Liban sex, 4 to 1, Liban sex 3, to 5, ftand 5 under m under 3, ft.

Liban sex airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all.

edyta naked Watch Video Sex oproep. Lebanon has no minimum age for marriage for all its citizens. Instead, religious courts set the age based on the religion-based personal status laws, some of which allow girls younger than 15 to marry. Parliament has failed to take up draft bills that would set the age of marriage at A Law on the Protection of Women and Family from Domestic Violence established important protection measures and introduced policing and court reforms. But it failed to criminalize all forms of domestic violence, including marital rape. Some women continued to face obstacles in pursuing criminal complaints of domestic violence, mostly due to lengthy delays. In recent years, authorities conducted raids to arrest persons allegedly involved in same-sex conduct, some of whom were subjected to torture including forced anal examinations. The government estimates the true number of Syrians in the country to be 1. According to humanitarian organizations, an estimated 80 percent of Syrians in Lebanon now lack legal residency and risk detention for unlawful presence in the country. In February, Lebanon waived residency fees for some Syrians in Lebanon. Secondary school-age children and children with disabilities faced particular barriers. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f. Exports - partners: This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. Exports - commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c. Imports - commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. Imports - partners: China Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Debt - external: This entry gives the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services. Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in the home country made directly by residents - primarily companies - of other countries as of the end of the time period indicated. Direct investment excludes investment through purchase of shares. Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in foreign countries made directly by residents - primarily companies - of the home country, as of the end of the time period indicated. Exchange rates: This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat. The International Organization for Standardization ISO alphabetic currency code for the national medium of exchange is presented in parenthesis. Closing daily exchange rates are not presented in The World Factbook, but are used to convert stock values - e. Electricity access: Electrification data — collected from industry reports, national surveys, and international sources — consists of four subfields. Population without electricity provides an estimate of the number of citizens that do not have access to electricity. Electricity - production: This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - consumption: This entry consists of total electricity generated annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - exports: This entry is the total exported electricity in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - imports: This entry is the total imported electricity in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - installed generating capacity: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts kW , to produce electricity. A kilowatt kW generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours kWh of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour. Electricity - from fossil fuels: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by burning fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum products, and natural gas , expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Electricity - from nuclear fuels: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity through radioactive decay of nuclear fuel, expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by water-driven turbines, expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Electricity - from other renewable sources: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by using renewable energy sources other than hydroelectric including, for example, wind, waves, solar, and geothermal , expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Crude oil - production: Crude oil - exports: Crude oil - imports: Crude oil - proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil, in barrels bbl. Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. Refined petroleum products - production: Refined petroleum products - consumption: Refined petroleum products - exports: Refined petroleum products - imports: Natural gas - production: This entry is the total natural gas produced in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - consumption: This entry is the total natural gas consumed in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - exports: This entry is the total natural gas exported in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - imports: This entry is the total natural gas imported in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of natural gas in cubic meters cu m. Proved reserves are those quantities of natural gas, which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: This entry is the total amount of carbon dioxide, measured in metric tons, released by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. Telephones - fixed lines: This entry gives the total number of fixed telephone lines in use, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants. Telephones - mobile cellular: This entry gives the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribers, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants. Note that because of the ubiquity of mobile phone use in developed countries, the number of subscriptions per inhabitants can exceed Telephone system: This entry includes a brief general assessment of the system with details on the domestic and international components. CB - citizen's band mobile radio communications. Cellular telephone system - the telephones in this system are radio transceivers, with each instrument having its o. Broadcast media: Internet country code: Internet users: This entry gives the total number of individuals within a country who can access the Internet at home, via any device type computer or mobile and connection. The percent of population with Internet access i. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Broadband - fixed subscriptions: This entry gives the total number of fixed-broadband subscriptions, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants. Fixed broadband is a physical wired connection to the Internet e. National air transport system: This entry includes four subfields describing the air transport system of a given country in terms of both structure and performance. The second subfield, inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers, lists the total number. Civil aircraft registration country code prefix: This entry provides the one- or two-character alphanumeric code indicating the nationality of civil aircraft. Article 20 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation Chicago Convention , signed in , requires that all aircraft engaged in international air navigation bear appropriate nationality marks. The aircraft registration number consists of two parts: OD This entry gives the total number of airports or airfields recognizable from the air. The runway s may be paved concrete or asphalt surfaces or unpaved grass, earth, sand, or gravel surfaces and may include closed or abandoned installations. Airports or airfields that are no longer recognizable overgrown, no facilities, etc. Note that not all airports have accommodations for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Airports - with paved runways: This entry gives the total number of airports with paved runways concrete or asphalt surfaces by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - 1 over 3, m over 10, ft , 2 2, to 3, m 8, to 10, ft , 3 1, to 2, m 5, to 8, ft , 4 to 1, m 3, to 5, ft , and 5 under m under 3, ft. Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all. Airports - with unpaved runways: This entry gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces by length. Only airports with usable runways are included in this listin. This entry gives the total number of heliports with hard-surface runways, helipads, or landing areas that support routine sustained helicopter operations exclusively and have support facilities including one or more of the following facilities: It includes former airports used exclusively for helicopter operations but excludes heliports limited to day operations and natural clearings that could support helicopter landings and takeoffs. This entry gives the lengths and types of pipelines for transporting products like natural gas, crude oil, or petroleum products. This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge, which is the measure of the distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails. Acting with Awareness, Calm, and Confidence To identify and avoid abusive relationships. To manage risky situations. Healthy Boundaries with people To detect and manage bullying, peer pressure, abuse, or other unwanted behaviors. Assertiveness Skills To make requests, ask for help, and to be assertive insist that your rights be respected. To overcome the fears and self-depreciation. To react effectively in problematic and threatening situations. Psychosocial Support training This training is a group program conducted in schools, therapeutic settings, and community organizations for children, ages and adults who have been previously victimized. Professional workshop The purpose of this training is to provide all staff, volunteers, counselors, and leadership with a clear understanding of how to recognize, reduce, prevent, and report suspected sexual abuse. Middle East in Crisis — Canada and Lebanon, a special tie". CBC News. The New York Times. Retrieved 17 August Palestinians in Post-War Lebanon". Information on the treatment of Palestinian Christians by the government". Iraqis In Lebanon". Assyrian International News Agency. Retrieved 15 August LookLex Encyclopedia. Ekurd Daily. Retrieved 13 November Retrieved 10 October Demographics of Asia. Book Category Asia portal. Ethnic groups in Asia. Demographics of Lebanon. Retrieved from " https: Hidden categories: Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 8 April , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Arabic , French secondary [nb 1]. Unemployment rate. CO 2 emissions. Electricity consumption. Economic Freedom. Human Development Index. Political freedom. Corruption A higher score means less perceived corruption. Press freedom. Literacy Rate. Number of Internet users. Ease of Doing Business. Life Expectancy. Birth rate. Fertility rate. Infant mortality. Death rate. Shia Muslims. Sunni Muslims. Maronite Catholic. It was at this point, too, that she would typically begin to fast for the entire length of the day during the holy month of Ramadan , like an adult. However, "all the schools concur that any discharge that occurs before a girl reaches the age of nine years cannot possibly be menstrual; it is due to disease or injury. Fourteen or fifteen, for boys and girls, was a much more likely age at which to expect the onset of puberty. Under the current Lebanese nationality law , descendants of Lebanese emigrants can only receive citizenship from their father and women cannot pass on citizenship to their spouse or children. On 7 November , Gebran Bassil , the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Emigrants , "refused to compromise on a draft law that would grant citizenship to the descendants of Lebanese expatriates by expanding it to include the foreign spouses and children of Lebanese women". Education was on the colonial agenda from beginning to end and was awarded special attention on account of its perceived ability to effect the greatest change in the greatest number of Lebanese. It was also something that missionaries and colonial administrators believed they could collaborate on together, as they imagined a similar citizen-figure into which Lebanese children were to be crafted by the West. Young people were marked out by foreign missionaries for their potential to transform not just the next generation of Lebanese but also the present generation of parents, especially mothers. Women and men are looked at differently based on their gender in Lebanon and the stipulations and norms are different for both. The penal code in Lebanon specifically in marriage used to be in favour of the man. However, it has witnessed some much needed reform. Article , which had historically been used to reduce sentences awarded for a non-premeditated honour killing resulting from an "illegitimate" sexual intercourse, was scrapped by the Lebanese Parliament on August 4, For example, if the male spouse is an adulterer before accused his adulterous act is questioned on whether it was done in the marital home or the adulterous relationship become public; however, the woman if accused of adulterous acts anywhere anytime no matter the circumstance is automatically convicted. Moreover, if convicted the sentencing time is less for a male than female male: Mothers were described to be very alone in the process once they embarked on motherhood. A woman by the name of Samar, made it very clear just how misunderstood she was and felt when it came to motherhood. A young man that she considered her friend, lured her into trusting him and then he raped her and left the country for work. He would not return any of the calls she made to reach out to him. This first reach in this situation in Lebanon is for the parents to make the young man marry their daughter. The second attempt was to convince the women to have an abortion. There are so many stories regarding single mothers in Lebanon, but they all have one thing in common: None of them really chose this path, unlike women in more liberal countries, where single motherhood is now a choice and a path women can take without being rejected by society. However, things are different in Lebanon. Every single mother has already lived a horrible tragedy before getting to the birth phase and raising her child alone. Stories of rape, sexual assault , incest, partners leaving and many other tragedies mean that single mothers are rejected socially and economically for something that is often not even their fault. There were single mother issues in Lebanon, which was also viewed as taboo. It was so bad that society's organizations would at all cost disregard providing any form of assistance in the area to avoid being seen as helpers of women who became pregnant without being married. There are few organizations for single mothers to turn to, and centers supported by official bodies to help them organize their affairs have yet to be established. The Maryam and Martha Organization, one of the few associations helping these women, has been receiving single mothers for many years, providing them with the support they need. Eight out of thirty-nine hospitals in Lebanon had well established prenatal care classes, however only three actually enrolled all women in these classes. Six healthcare providers reported that inquiring women about their preferences. Furthermore, few gave women any opportunity for procedures such as shaving, enema or fetal monitoring application. Lastly, it was seen that all places had strict mobility for women in the delivery process, including eight who tied their arms and legs. There is a necessity to advance the work examining the health effects of maternity care, and the attempts made to enhance the healthcare providers policies and traditions practices. Where-best-practice is not in place. There has to be an intervention that takes place soon in Lebanon. Since their economy has grown about 8 percent but not significantly enough as they are still a country highly in debt from war. Women in correlation with the economy have been able to participate since the s but they are still underrepresented in the labor force and are the first to be negatively impacted when the economy fails. Currently in Lebanon, Article of their Law of Contracts and Obligations allow men and women the same right to own and administer property..

Airports - with unpaved runways: This entry gives the read more number of airports with unpaved runways grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces by Liban sex. Only airports with usable runways are included in this listin. Liban sex entry gives the total number of heliports with hard-surface runways, helipads, or landing areas that Liban sex routine sustained helicopter operations Liban sex and have support facilities including Liban sex or more of the following facilities: It includes former airports used exclusively for helicopter operations but excludes heliports limited to day operations and natural clearings that could support helicopter landings Liban sex takeoffs.

This entry gives the lengths Liban sex types of pipelines for transporting products like natural gas, crude oil, or petroleum products. This entry states the total route Liban sex of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge, which is the measure of the distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails.

The four typical types of gauges are: Other gauges are listed under note. Gauges vary by country and sometimes within countries. The choice of gauge during initial Liban sex was mainly in resp. This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of Liban sex paved and unpaved portions. Merchant marine: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of Liban sex or all commercial vessels as opposed to all Liban sex shipswhich excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc.

The question of ethnic identity has come to revolve more around aspects of cultural self-identification more than descent. Religious affiliation has also become a substitute in some respects for Liban sex affiliation. Generally, the cultural and linguistic heritage of the Lebanese people is a blend of both indigenous Phoenician elements and Arab cultures that have come Liban sex rule the land and its people over the course of thousands of years.

Moreover, in a interview, the lead investigator, Pierre ZallouaLiban sex out that genetic variation preceded religious variation and divisions: There is no distinct pattern that shows that one community carries significantly more Phoenician than another".

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The Lebanese Christians are some of the oldest Christians in the world, preceded only by the Liban sex Orthodox of Armenia and Liban sex of Egypt. Their Liturgical language is the Syriac - Aramaic language.

Xxx Ziekenhuis Watch Video Fuck anyone. Independence Day, 22 November The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution. Legal system: This entry provides the description of a country's legal system. A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: An addition. International law organization participation: Appendix B: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. Executive branch: This entry includes five subentries: Chief of state includes the name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government. Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a. Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president and National Assembly. Michel AWN elected president in second round; National Assembly vote - Michel AWN FPM 83; note - in the initial election held on 23 April , no candidate received the required two-thirds vote, and subsequent attempts failed because the Assembly lacked the necessary quorum to hold a vote; the president was finally elected in its 46th attempt on 31 October Legislative branch: This entry has three subfields. The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral — single house; bicameral — an upper and a lower house ; formal name s ; number of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, multi-seat, nationwide ; electoral voting system s ; and member term of office. The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and next election. Judicial branch: The highest court s subfield includes the name s of a country's highest level court s , the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j. Court of Cassation or Supreme Court organized into 8 chambers, each with a presiding judge and 2 associate judges ; Constitutional Council consists of 10 members. Court of Cassation judges appointed by Supreme Judicial Council, a member body headed by the chief justice, and includes other judicial officials; judge tenure NA; Constitutional Council members appointed - 5 by the Council of Ministers and 5 by parliament; members serve 5-year terms. Courts of Appeal; Courts of First Instance; specialized tribunals, religious courts; military courts. Political parties and leaders: This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted. International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way. Diplomatic representation in the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Such ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or appearing at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou. Detroit, New York, Los Angeles. Diplomatic representation from the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Ambassador Elizabeth H. Awkar, Lebanon Awkar facing the Municipality. Box , Antelias, Lebanon; from US: Flag description: The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags. National symbol s: A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one. National anthem: A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition. Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not. Economy - overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends. GDP purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product GDP or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity PPP exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States in the year noted. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measur. GDP official exchange rate: The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-. GDP - real growth rate: This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent. The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Gross national saving: Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure household plus government from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profits , plus government saving the excess of tax revenues over expenditures , but excludes foreign saving the excess of imports of goods and services over exports. The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative. GDP - composition, by end use: This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. GDP - composition, by sector of origin: This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not prod. Agriculture - products: This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important. This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output. Industrial production growth rate: This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production includes manufacturing, mining, and construction. Labor force: This entry contains the total labor force figure. Labor force - by occupation: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than percent if the data are incomplete and may range from percent due to rounding. Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted. Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Household income or consumption by percentage share: Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons. This entry includes revenues, expenditures, and capital expenditures. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i. Taxes and other revenues: This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP. Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons acr. This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits relat. The army said it had opened an investigation but has not publicly released the results. Lebanon continues to try civilians, including children, in military courts, in violation of their due process rights and international law. Those who have stood trial in the military courts describe incommunicado detention, the use of confessions extracted under torture, decisions issued without an explanation, seemingly arbitrary sentences, and a limited ability to appeal. An estimated , migrant domestic workers, primarily from Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, the Philippines, Nepal, and Bangladesh, are excluded from labor law protections. The kafala sponsorship system subjects them to restrictive immigration rules and places them at risk of exploitation and abuse. The most common complaints documented by the embassies of labor-sending countries and civil society groups include non-payment or delayed payment of wages, forced confinement, refusal to provide time off, and verbal and physical abuse. Migrant domestic workers suing their employers for abuse face legal obstacles and risk imprisonment and deportation due to the restrictive visa system. Several migrant domestic workers in Lebanon committed suicide or attempted to commit suicide in Syrian women appear to be at particular risk of being trafficked into forced prostitution and sexual exploitation. Women continue to face discrimination under the 15 distinct religion-based personal status laws. Discrimination includes inequality in access to divorce, residence of children after divorce, and property rights. This program empowers young people to build safe and positive relationships with people everywhere they go. This program enable adolescents to know about available support, to understand how to report, and how to feel comfortable seeking help. At this deeper level, participants learn about attitudes and relationships that have the power to positively impact youth to stay safe in their communities and our wider society. This training is a group program conducted in schools, therapeutic settings, and community organizations for children, ages and adults who have been previously victimized. This program helps participants to better recognize and manage the basic symptoms of psychological distress. Participants are taught effective and positive skills which can help reduce the risk of further abuse. The purpose of this training is to provide all staff, volunteers, counselors, and leadership with a clear understanding of how to recognize, reduce, prevent, and report suspected sexual abuse. Participants will learn about the warning signs and symptoms and how to respond appropriately to suspected child abuse. Muslim women can legally marry Christian or Jewish men; for example a Lebanese Catholic man can marry a Muslim lady on the condition of getting their children baptised, otherwise, the couple may opt for civil marriage performed abroad, which can be registered at any Lebanese Embassy, thus giving it official recognition this is a particularly popular option, with Cyprus usually acting as the destination of choice. Local and regional NGOs have helped to increase awareness of violence against women in Lebanon. The family in Lebanon, as elsewhere in the Middle East region, assigns different roles to family members on the basis of gender. The superior status of men in society and within the narrow confines of the nuclear family transcends the barriers of sect or ethnicity. Lebanese family structure is patriarchal. The centrality of the father figure stems from the role of the family as an economic unit. This notion prevails in rural regions of Lebanon where women participate in peasant work. However, it is noticed that the percentage of women working in the labor force has increased. Since, , Arab societies have allowed women to play a more active role socially and in the work force, basically as a result of the manpower shortage caused by heavy migration of men to Persian Gulf countries. Notwithstanding the persistence of traditional attitudes regarding the role of women, Lebanese women enjoy equal civil rights and attend institutions of higher education in large numbers for example, women constituted 41 percent of the student body at the American University of Beirut in Although women in Lebanon have their own organizations, most exist as subordinate branches of the political parties. France confirmed the electoral system of the former Ottoman Mount Lebanon province in setting up a Representative Council for Greater Lebanon in Two stage elections, universal adult male suffrage, and multimember multi-communal constituencies continued the situation that prevailed in Mount Lebanon up to The Lebanese constitution — specifically Article 7, proclaimed that "All Lebanese are equal under the law, enjoying equally civil and political rights, and performing duties and public responsibility without any discrimination among them. Women were refused the right to vote by early Lebanese government until they organized and began petitioning for equal rights. In the Women's Political Rights Agreement came about and guaranteed that women would be able to vote. Women had to have documents that could prove that they had received at least an elementary level education. This limitation was lifted five years later in without much discourse or a fight. Women gained the right to vote halfway into the 20th century, thirty years after American women suffragists gained the right in the United States. Though the women of Lebanon garnered their right to vote fairly early on, there is still a huge lack of them in Lebanon's political sphere. The political field in Lebanon, like most of the rest of the world, is male dominated. That is not to say there are no women actors in Lebanon, they are just few and far between. As of there had only been seventeen women to serve on parliament since suffrage. That number is rather dismal but paints the perfect picture of what the outlook of women in parliament is. The lack of women in politics is chalked up the political exclusivity that is bred in Lebanon, constricting societal norms and gender roles. The political arena in the country is mostly made of a small number of elite families that have been in power since the s and s and the beginning of suffrage. There is an extreme lack of women in elected and appointed political positions. To combat the low rate of women's participation in politics and government, the Lebanese Women's Council LWC planned a conference in The government did not take heed to any of their suggestions. According to Dr. These organizations work toward achieving women's rights on the ground. A large number of women's organizations also focus on lobbying and aim to research and publish their findings on women to influence policy makers and the judicial system. The Lebanese Women's Council LWC , established in the s, serves as an umbrella entity for more than organization. One of the very important characteristics of Lebanese politics is the excess of political parties competing for power and control. There are eighteen political parties in total in the country, but seven currently dominate the sphere. These political parties are almost all men dominated, and the women that do head these parties are often only there because they are a part of one of the political families and have been put in place for power often because of a sudden death or lack of men left to run in the family. However, in Lebanon the governmental power of the country is separated by the religious factions based on the size of each of their populations. These figures are extremely outdated and are based on a census of the country that was taken in the year These religious based parties often discriminate against women and refuse to include them. Divisions and rivalries between groups date back as far as 15 centuries, and still are a factor today. The pattern of settlement has changed little since the 7th century, but instances of civil strife and ethnic cleansing , most recently during the Lebanese Civil War , has brought some important changes to the religious map of the country. See also History of Lebanon. Lebanon has by far the largest proportion of Christians of any Middle Eastern country , but both Christians and Muslims are sub-divided into many splinter sects and denominations. Population statistics are highly controversial. The various denominations and sects each have vested interests in inflating their own numbers. One of the rare things that most Lebanese religious leaders will agree on is to avoid a new general census , for fear that it could trigger a new round of denominational conflict. The last official census was performed in Religion has traditionally been of overriding importance in defining the Lebanese population. Dividing state power between the religious denominations and sects, and granting religious authorities judicial power, dates back to Ottoman times the millet system. This system of government, while partly intended as a compromise between sectarian demands, has caused tensions that still dominate Lebanese politics to this day. The Christian population majority is believed to have ended in the early s, but government leaders would agree to no change in the political power balance. This led to Muslim demands of increased representation, and the constant sectarian tension slid into violent conflict in prompting U. The Sunni elite was then accorded more power, but Maronites continued to dominate the system. Shia Muslims by now the second largest sect then gained additional representation in the state apparatus, and the obligatory Christian-Muslim representation in Parliament was downgraded from a 6: The present Lebanese Constitution officially acknowledges 18 religious groups see below. These have the right to handle family law according to their own courts and traditions, and they are the basic players in Lebanon's complex sectarian politics. The numbers only include the present population of Lebanon, and not the Lebanese diaspora. A study conducted by Statistics Lebanon, a Beirut-based research firm, cited by the United States Department of State found that of Lebanon's population of approximately 4. There is also a very small number of other religious minorities such as, Bahais , Buddhists , Hindus and Mormons. Sectarian Breakdown:. It is estimated that the Christian population in Lebanon makes up about Other religions account for only an estimated 0. There remains a very small Jewish population, traditionally centered in Beirut. It has been larger: Apart from the four and a half million citizens of Lebanon proper, there is a sizeable Lebanese diaspora. There are more Lebanese people living outside of Lebanon 8. The majority of the diaspora population consists of Lebanese Christians ; however, there are some who are Muslim. They trace their origin to several waves of Christian emigration , starting with the exodus that followed the Lebanon conflict in Ottoman Syria. Under the current Lebanese nationality law , diaspora Lebanese do not have an automatic right of return to Lebanon. Due to varying degrees of assimilation and high degree of interethnic marriages, most diaspora Lebanese have not passed on the Arabic language to their children , while still maintaining a Lebanese ethnic identity. The largest Lebanese diaspora is located in Brazil , where about 6—7 million people have Lebanese descent see Lebanese Brazilian. In Argentina , there is also a large Lebanese diaspora of approximately 1. In Canada , there is also a large Lebanese diaspora of approximately ,, people having Lebanese descent. The large size of Lebanon's diaspora may be partly explained by the historical and cultural tradition of seafaring and traveling, which stretches back to Lebanon's ancient Phoenician origins and its role as a "gateway" of relations between Europe and the Middle East. It has been commonplace for Lebanese citizens to emigrate in search of economic prosperity. Furthermore, on several occasions in the last two centuries the Lebanese population has endured periods of ethnic cleansing and displacement for example, —60 and — These factors have contributed to the geographical mobility of the Lebanese people. While under Syrian occupation, Beirut passed legislation which prevented second-generation Lebanese of the diaspora from automatically obtaining Lebanese citizenship. There is currently a campaign by those Lebanese of the diaspora who already have Lebanese citizenship to attain the vote from abroad, which has been successfully passed in the Lebanese parliament and will be effective as of which is the next parliamentary elections. If suffrage was to be extended to these 1. With no official figures available, it is estimated that ,—, persons fled the country during the Lebanese Civil War — Although some have since returned, this permanently disturbed Lebanese population growth and greatly complicated demographic statistics. Another result of the war was a large number of internally displaced persons..

Some Lebanese even claim partial descent from Crusader knights who ruled Lebanon for a couple of centuries during the Middle Agesalso backed by recent genetic studies which confirmed this among Lebanese people, especially in the north of the country go here Liban sex under the Crusader County of Tripoli. This identification with non-Arab civilizations also exists in other religious communities, albeit not to the same extent.

Liban sex religious divisions are extremely complicated, and the country is made up by a multitude of religious groupings. The ecclesiastical and demographic patterns of the sects and denominations are complex. Divisions and rivalries Liban sex groups date back as far as 15 centuries, and still are a factor today.

The pattern of settlement has changed little since the 7th century, but instances of civil strife and ethnic cleansingmost recently during the Lebanese Civil Warhas brought some important changes to the religious Liban sex of the country. See also History of Lebanon. Liban sex has by far the largest proportion of Liban sex of any Middle Eastern countrybut both Christians and Muslims are sub-divided into many splinter sects and denominations.

Population statistics are highly controversial. The various denominations and sects each have vested interests in inflating their own Liban sex. One of the rare things that most Lebanese religious leaders will agree on is to avoid a new general censusfor fear that it could trigger a new round of denominational Liban sex. The last official census was performed in Liban sex Religion has traditionally been of overriding importance in defining the Lebanese population.

Dividing Liban sex power between Liban sex religious denominations Click to see more sects, Liban sex granting religious Liban sex judicial power, dates back to Ottoman times the millet system.

This system of government, while partly intended as a compromise between sectarian demands, has caused tensions that still Liban sex Lebanese politics to this day. The Christian population majority is believed to have ended in the early s, but government leaders would agree to no change in the political power balance. This led to Muslim demands of increased representation, and the Liban sex sectarian tension slid into violent conflict in prompting U.

The Sunni elite was then accorded more power, but Liban sex continued to dominate the system. Shia Muslims by now the second largest sect then gained additional representation in the state apparatus, and the obligatory Christian-Muslim representation in Parliament was downgraded Liban sex a 6: The present Lebanese Constitution officially acknowledges 18 religious groups see below. These have the right to handle family law according to their own courts and traditions, and they are the basic players in Lebanon's complex sectarian politics.

The numbers only include the present population of Lebanon, and not the Lebanese diaspora. A study conducted by Statistics Lebanon, a Beirut-based research firm, cited Liban sex the United States Department of State Liban sex that of Lebanon's population of approximately 4. There is also a very small number of other religious minorities such as, BahaisBuddhistsHindus and Mormons.

Sectarian Breakdown:.

Liban sex

It Mothers Pantys estimated that the Christian population Liban sex Lebanon makes up about Other religions account for only an estimated 0.

There remains a very small Jewish population, traditionally centered in Beirut. It has been larger: Apart from the four and a half million citizens of Lebanon proper, there is a sizeable Lebanese diaspora. There are more Lebanese people living outside of Lebanon 8. The majority of the diaspora population consists Liban sex Lebanese Christians ; however, there are some who are Muslim. They trace their origin to several waves of Christian emigrationLiban sex with Liban sex exodus that followed the Lebanon conflict in Ottoman Syria.

Liban sex

Photo disaster Watch Video Angelina Joeysex. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends. Dependency ratios: Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility leve. Median age: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger and Uganda to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a high. Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus or deficit of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure e. Rapid population growth can be seen as. Birth rate: This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1, persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population. Death rate: This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1, population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining. Net migration rate: This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1, persons based on midyear population. An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration e. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population chan. This entry provides two measures of the degree of urbanization of a population. The first, urban population, describes the percentage of the total population living in urban areas, as defined by the country. The second, rate of urbanization, describes the projected average rate of change of the size of the urban population over the given period of time. Additionally, the World entry includes a list of the ten largest urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising th. Major urban areas - population: This entry provides the population of the capital and up to six major cities defined as urban agglomerations with populations of at least , people. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city. For smaller countries, lacking urban centers of , or more, only the population of the capital is presented. Sex ratio: This entry includes the number of males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertilit. Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate MMR is the annual number of female deaths per , live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management excluding accidental or incidental causes. The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year. Infant mortality rate: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1, live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. Life expectancy at birth: This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures. Total fertility rate: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate TFR is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replaceme. Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries. Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors physicians , including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1, of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that f. Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1, people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is. Drinking water source: Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Sanitation facility access: Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: Unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: This entry gives an estimate of all people adults and children alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Obesity - adult prevalence rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters. Education expenditures: This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measu. School life expectancy primary to tertiary education: School life expectancy SLE is the total number of years of schooling primary to tertiary that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age. Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit. Country name: This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names Italy is used as an example: Also see the Terminology note. Lebanese Republic. Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah. Greater Lebanon. Government type: This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. Note that for some countries more than one definition applies. Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i. Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority. Authoritarian - a form of government in whic. Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones. This workshop teaches participants how to encourage children practicing prevention strategies into a broader context of living, with their parents, family, and friends. This program empowers young people to build safe and positive relationships with people everywhere they go. This program enable adolescents to know about available support, to understand how to report, and how to feel comfortable seeking help. At this deeper level, participants learn about attitudes and relationships that have the power to positively impact youth to stay safe in their communities and our wider society. This training is a group program conducted in schools, therapeutic settings, and community organizations for children, ages and adults who have been previously victimized. This program helps participants to better recognize and manage the basic symptoms of psychological distress. Participants are taught effective and positive skills which can help reduce the risk of further abuse. The purpose of this training is to provide all staff, volunteers, counselors, and leadership with a clear understanding of how to recognize, reduce, prevent, and report suspected sexual abuse. Shia Muslims by now the second largest sect then gained additional representation in the state apparatus, and the obligatory Christian-Muslim representation in Parliament was downgraded from a 6: The present Lebanese Constitution officially acknowledges 18 religious groups see below. These have the right to handle family law according to their own courts and traditions, and they are the basic players in Lebanon's complex sectarian politics. The numbers only include the present population of Lebanon, and not the Lebanese diaspora. A study conducted by Statistics Lebanon, a Beirut-based research firm, cited by the United States Department of State found that of Lebanon's population of approximately 4. There is also a very small number of other religious minorities such as, Bahais , Buddhists , Hindus and Mormons. Sectarian Breakdown:. It is estimated that the Christian population in Lebanon makes up about Other religions account for only an estimated 0. There remains a very small Jewish population, traditionally centered in Beirut. It has been larger: Apart from the four and a half million citizens of Lebanon proper, there is a sizeable Lebanese diaspora. There are more Lebanese people living outside of Lebanon 8. The majority of the diaspora population consists of Lebanese Christians ; however, there are some who are Muslim. They trace their origin to several waves of Christian emigration , starting with the exodus that followed the Lebanon conflict in Ottoman Syria. Under the current Lebanese nationality law , diaspora Lebanese do not have an automatic right of return to Lebanon. Due to varying degrees of assimilation and high degree of interethnic marriages, most diaspora Lebanese have not passed on the Arabic language to their children , while still maintaining a Lebanese ethnic identity. The largest Lebanese diaspora is located in Brazil , where about 6—7 million people have Lebanese descent see Lebanese Brazilian. In Argentina , there is also a large Lebanese diaspora of approximately 1. In Canada , there is also a large Lebanese diaspora of approximately ,, people having Lebanese descent. The large size of Lebanon's diaspora may be partly explained by the historical and cultural tradition of seafaring and traveling, which stretches back to Lebanon's ancient Phoenician origins and its role as a "gateway" of relations between Europe and the Middle East. It has been commonplace for Lebanese citizens to emigrate in search of economic prosperity. Furthermore, on several occasions in the last two centuries the Lebanese population has endured periods of ethnic cleansing and displacement for example, —60 and — These factors have contributed to the geographical mobility of the Lebanese people. While under Syrian occupation, Beirut passed legislation which prevented second-generation Lebanese of the diaspora from automatically obtaining Lebanese citizenship. There is currently a campaign by those Lebanese of the diaspora who already have Lebanese citizenship to attain the vote from abroad, which has been successfully passed in the Lebanese parliament and will be effective as of which is the next parliamentary elections. If suffrage was to be extended to these 1. With no official figures available, it is estimated that ,—, persons fled the country during the Lebanese Civil War — Although some have since returned, this permanently disturbed Lebanese population growth and greatly complicated demographic statistics. Another result of the war was a large number of internally displaced persons. This especially affected the southern Shia community, as Israeli invasion of southern Lebanon in , and prompted waves of mass emigration, in addition to the continual strain of occupation and fighting between Israel and Hezbollah mainly to Many Shias from Southern Lebanon resettled in the suburbs south of Beirut. After the war, the pace of Christian emigration accelerated, as many Christians felt discriminated against in a Lebanon under increasingly oppressive Syrian occupation. Arabic is the official language of the country. Lebanese Arabic is mostly spoken in non-official contexts. French and English are taught in many schools from a young age. Among the Armenian ethnic minority in Lebanon , the Armenian language is taught and spoken within the Armenian community. There are substantial numbers of immigrants from other Arab countries mainly Palestine , Syria , Iraq and Egypt and non-Arab-speaking Muslim countries. Also, recent years have seen an influx of people from Ethiopia [37] and South East Asian countries such as Indonesia , the Philippines , Malaysia , Sri Lanka , [38] as well as smaller numbers of other immigrant minorities, Colombians and Brazilians of Lebanese descent themselves. Most of these are employed as guest workers in the same fashion as Syrians and Palestinians, and entered the country to search for employment in the post-war reconstruction of Lebanon. Apart from the Palestinians, there are approximately , stateless persons in Lebanon. Lebanese Armenians , Jews and Iranians form more distinct ethnic minorities, all of them in possession of a separate languages Armenian , Hebrew , Persian and a national home area Armenia , Israel , Iran outside of Lebanon. During the French Mandate of Lebanon , there was a fairly large French minority and a tiny Italian minority. Most of the French and Italian settlers left after Lebanese independence in and only 22, French Lebanese and 4, Italian Lebanese continue to live in Lebanon. The government of Lebanon operates on a parliamentary scale which includes representatives of each recognized religious organizations in addition to one prime minister which determines the laws that regulate the country. This Parliament is composed entirely of people who openly practice patriarchal religion. Lebanese women won the right to vote in However, since that victory, only seventeen women have served in the Lebanese parliament. Not only do each of these religions have their own place in Parliament, they also have their own courts and codes of conduct. While Lebanon is often seen as a very liberal country, arguably the most liberal country within the Middle East, the systematic oppression of women is still prevalent. Currently, women are able to: Unfortunately, even with all of those superficial rights, women are still subjected to unwanted advances and social discrimination. Constitutionally, Lebanese women and men are regarded as equals; however, they are not free from laws and publicly accepted socialized behaviors which encourage male intervention of those rights in the name of honor or family preservation. Lebanon is guided by 15 or more religious codes and courts including Shi'a , Sunni , Maronite Christians , and Druze parties, all of which "compete to preserve narrow sectarian interests, not those of a unified Lebanon". They contribute greatly to women's movements by virtue of their research and publications. One such project, Who is She, was designed after IWSAW conducted research to determine how many contemporary Lebanese women in professional positions are widely known to the public. For example, many women within the Palestinian resistance movement live in Lebanese camps. These women "have political meetings at night and often sleep away from home. Many have been called prostitutes for doing so. But they have stood fast saying that their country comes before family". In most Middle Eastern countries, Lebanese women are regarded as symbols of the nation, not necessarily as active members. As most contemporary Lebanese women are not known for their contributions outside of the world of scholars, many women's movements go undocumented and are brushed under the rug by the patriarchal government. Between and , many Lebanese people protested in opposition of the Prime Minister, Fouad Siniora. Since the Prime Minister and parliament are the individuals approving laws, such protests were important especially for women. At the forefront of these protests were major women's organizations NGOs. One feminist NGO which tackled exploitation and violence on women was Kafa. Kafa, which was founded in , along with many other women's organizations, aims to diminish social, legal, and economic forms of patriarchy in order to stop violence against women and children. They proposed a law, which was drafted in , that was to stop domestic violence against women, including marital rape. This NGO group wrote letters to the Cabinet of Ministers which later stated that they would vie for legal reform and protect women against family violence. After much lobbying and protesting, people within these NGOs succeeded in pushing the draft law to the parliament where it sat in arrest. Over time, while it was stuck at Parliament, this law was amended continuously due to objections of religious conservatives. The biggest disagreement regarding this law was one of the most prevalent issues for women: Suggestions to amend the law included removal of the segment outlining marital rape as a crime. Although passing that law may lead to the decrease of many violent situations within the household, its proposed amendment will defeat the purpose of the law. Some women's activists would argue that the myriad of amendments within this law makes the law detrimental to the advancement of women in Lebanon. Because there are so many differences within each of the religious courts, domestic violence is handled in a different way depending on which region a woman is involved with. It is frowned upon for a woman to ever initiate a divorce, in mostly all of the religious sectors of the parliament. In some courts, a woman asking for a divorce must obtain a substantial amount of evidence regarding her husband's indiscretion. Likewise, if a man were seeking a divorce, in many courts he could obtain that divorce with very little evidence, and in the name of honor or family preservation. In addition, a woman who goes to her family for support in filing for a divorce may be met with both opposition to her decision, and shame surrounding it. Such socially accepted beliefs actively contribute to the marginalization of women's voices in Lebanon. In December , the Campaign Against Lebanese Rape Law - Article was launched to abolish the article in the penal code that allowed a man to escape prison if he married his victim. Media related to Women of Lebanon at Wikimedia Commons. As the Syrian refugee crisis continued, an estimated 80 percent of the approximately 1. Lebanon waived burdensome residency fees for some Syrians in February. On July 4, , the Lebanese military issued a statement saying four Syrians died in its custody following mass raids in Arsal, a restricted access area in northeast Lebanon. In , parliament passed legislation creating a national preventative mechanism to monitor and investigate the use of torture. However, Lebanon has still not established the mechanism, allocated funding, or announced its members. While freedom of expression is generally respected in Lebanon, defaming or criticizing the Lebanese president or army is a criminal offense carrying penalties of up to three years in prison. The Lebanese penal code also criminalizes libel and defamation of other public officials, authorizing imprisonment of up to one year. In , Lebanese authorities continued to detain and charge individuals for social media posts critical of government officials. The army said it had opened an investigation but has not publicly released the results. Lebanon continues to try civilians, including children, in military courts, in violation of their due process rights and international law. Those who have stood trial in the military courts describe incommunicado detention, the use of confessions extracted under torture, decisions issued without an explanation, seemingly arbitrary sentences, and a limited ability to appeal..

Under the current Lebanese nationality lawdiaspora Liban sex do not have an automatic right of return to Lebanon. Due to varying degrees of assimilation and high degree of interethnic marriages, most diaspora Lebanese have not passed on the Arabic language to their childrenwhile still maintaining Liban sex Lebanese ethnic identity.

The largest Liban sex diaspora is located Liban sex Brazilwhere about 6—7 million people have Lebanese descent see Lebanese Brazilian. In Argentinathere is also a large Lebanese diaspora of approximately 1. Chinese Sheron Lee Porn. Zena Hobeish, Kidpower Lebanon Director. Kidpower Lebanon was established in Liban sex Psychotherapist Zena Hobishe to provide safety education skills to children and adolescents from agestheir caregivers, and specialists who work with children.

Our center in Lebanon provides a variety of training packages, awareness and coaching sessions, Liban sex services, and Liban sex to community-based organizations, schools, and community members.

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Liban sex has translated the Kidpower Teaching Kits into Arabic and is advising an educator in Saudi Arabia who is launching a national movement to stop Liban sex abuse about how to Liban sex the Kidpower program in her work.

As a clinical psychologist working for more than 10 years with needy and maltreated children who are Liban sex from domestic violence, I was searching for a practical and efficient method to empower the kids to keep themselves safe without scaring them. I was very impressed by the effectiveness of Kidpower method in teaching people to protect themselves with a very friendly way and high respect for diversity.

I had the chance and the opportunity to bring Kidpower source skills to my country and our region in the Arab world. But no, it is the contrary; there should be moral support, communication, dialogue. The child Liban sex tell me everything that happens to him, and Liban sex should make him feel that what he says is true.

Liban sex face challenging situations every day at home, at school, in their communities, and on the Internet. The People Safety Skills workshop can be conducted separately for children or separately Liban sex parents or Liban sex children and their parents together. Target groups: Children from years and parents Duration: For educators who work directly with children from age 3 to 12 years.

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In role playing from real-life scenariosparticipants will be practicing situations where they learn that all children have the right to feel safe at all times; they learn safety strategies Liban sex multiple skills; they Liban sex how help children to become more responsible and caring for themselves; and how to react when threatened behaviors or situations occur. This workshop teaches participants how to encourage children practicing prevention strategies into a Liban sex context of living, Liban sex their parents, family, and friends.

This program empowers young people to build safe and positive relationships Liban sex people everywhere they go. This program enable adolescents to know about available support, to understand how Liban sex report, and how to feel comfortable seeking help. At this deeper level, Liban sex learn about attitudes and relationships that have the power Liban sex positively impact youth to stay safe in their communities and our wider society.

This training is a group program conducted in schools, therapeutic settings, and community organizations for children, ages and adults who have been previously victimized.

This program helps participants to better recognize and manage the basic symptoms of psychological distress. Participants are taught effective and positive skills which can help reduce the risk of further abuse.

The purpose of this training Liban sex to provide all staff, volunteers, counselors, and Liban sex with a clear understanding of how to recognize, reduce, prevent, and report suspected sexual read article.

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Participants will learn about the warning signs and Liban sex and how to respond appropriately to suspected child abuse. This program can address the aftermath of child sexual abuse with specialized treatments and therapy programs and serve an important role coupled with education and prevention efforts. Social workers, Liban sex, health care providers, counselors. Kidpower Lebanon. The Liban sex is designed around 5 themes: Acting with Awareness, Calm, and Confidence to avoid potential danger.

Staying safe with people they know and with strangers. Dealing with bullies, emotional pressure, intimidation, and bribery to prevent and Liban sex abuse and exploitation. Getting help and being Liban sex in getting help.

Kidpower People Safety Skills — Educators Workshop For educators who work directly with children from Liban sex 3 to 12 years.

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Liban sex Target group: Teenpower Personal Safety Skills for Young People Workshop This program empowers young people to build safe and positive relationships with people everywhere they go. Liban sex with Awareness, Calm, and Confidence To identify and avoid abusive relationships. To manage risky situations. Healthy Boundaries Liban sex people To detect and manage bullying, peer pressure, abuse, or other unwanted behaviors.

Assertiveness Skills To make requests, ask for help, and to be assertive insist that your rights Liban sex respected. To overcome the fears and self-depreciation.

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To react effectively in problematic and threatening link. Liban sex Support training This training is a group Liban sex conducted in schools, therapeutic settings, and community Liban sex for children, ages and adults who have been previously victimized.

Professional workshop The purpose of this training is to provide all staff, volunteers, counselors, and leadership with a clear understanding of how to recognize, reduce, prevent, and report suspected sexual abuse.

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